Paper-based Structures & Pop-Up Architecture: Challenges and Opportunities


  • Mert Mısırlıoğlu Yaşar University, Faculty of Architecture, Turkey
  • Mauricio Morales-Beltran Yaşar University, Faculty of Architecture, Turkey



Pop-up architecture encompasses ephemeral structures, built to be disassembled and reassembled. Among several available materials, paper is extensively used to build these temporary structures due to fabrication and sustainable reasons. Although by applying adequate production techniques paper can be used as a load-bearing component, its strength and durability might be compromised when exposed to environmental conditions. This paper aims at defining the challenges of designing and implementing paper-based structures, as well as at unveiling the potentials of using paper in pop-up architecture. In the first part, related literature and examples are reviewed to evaluate how rapid assembly, convenience of transportation, low-cost, less specialized labour in the production of components and in the assembly process, are parameters weighing in the choice of paper as structural material. The second part discusses selected case-studies, to show how paper-based components, connections, envelope insulation, transportation and assembly constraints are addressed to shape these temporary structures, thus becoming a source of inspiration for pop-up architecture.


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How to Cite

Mısırlıoğlu, M., & Morales-Beltran, M. (2023). Paper-based Structures & Pop-Up Architecture: Challenges and Opportunities. Proceedings of the International Conference of Contemporary Affairs in Architecture and Urbanism-ICCAUA, 6(1), 157–168.