Synchronic Phenomenological Analysis Urban Identity Buildings
Keywords:Urban Identity, Iconic Building, Genius Loci, Semiotics
In today's architectural design, besides the expectation of function, the meaning of the design in human perception is important. From the past to the present, the relationship between "urban and identity" has come to the fore more in design. Especially in Modernism, with the effect of globalization-global capitalism, competition between cities has increased and architectural products have become a country promotion tool. The concepts of place and space have changed in architecture; a process in the universalist style consisting of typified buildings that have no connection with the place has begun. Contrary to this attitude, it is seen that the buildings that can be the symbol of the country-city and aim to present the image of different cities are intensified. As one of the ways to give an identity to a city; symbolic buildings, which give information about the place, are the current approach in architecture. In this study, examples of buildings, which are considered as urban symbols, have been examined in diachronic and synchronic. As a phenomenological analysis method, building samples were analyzed in the context of C. Norberg-Schulz's "Genius Loci" concept and Roland Barthes's “Semiological” principles. As a result, the urban symbol buildings which analyzed diachronically and synchronously.
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